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The T box riboswitch: A novel regulatory RNA that utilizes tRNA as its ligand.
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2014 May 7;
Authors: Henkin TM
The T box riboswitch is a cis-acting regulatory RNA that controls expression of amino acid-related genes in response to the aminoacylation state of a specific tRNA. Multiple genes in the same organism can utilize this mechanism, with each gene responding independently to its cognate tRNA. The uncharged tRNA interacts directly with the regulatory RNA element, and this interaction promotes readthrough of an intrinsic transcriptional termination site upstream of the regulated coding sequence. A second class of T box elements uses a similar tRNA-dependent response to regulate translation initiation. This review will describe the current state of our knowledge about this regulatory system. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Riboswitches.
PMID: 24816551 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
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RNA in evolution
- Niles Lehman
Article first published online: 16 JUL 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: RNA
Volume 1, Issue 2, pages 202–213, September/October 2010
RNA has played a variety of roles in the evolutionary history of life on the Earth. While this molecule was once considered a poor cousin of the more influential polymers in the cell, namely DNA and proteins, a string of important discoveries over the last 50 years has revealed that RNA may in fact be the cornerstone of biological function. In particular, the finding that RNA can be catalytic, and thus possess both a genotype and a phenotype, has forced us to consider the possibility that life’s origins began with RNA, and that the subsequent diversification of life is aptly described as a string of innovations by RNA to adapt to a changing environment. Some of these adaptations include riboswitches, ribonucleoproteins (RNPs), RNA editing, and RNA interference (RNAi). Although many of these functions may seem at first glance to be recent evolutionary developments, it may be the case that all of their catalytic activities trace their roots back to a primordial ‘RNA World’ some four billion years ago, and that RNA’s diversity has a continuous thread that pervades life from its very origins. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.